Spin labeling EPR studies of the properties of oxidized phospholipid-containing lipid vesicles

Research areas:
Year:
2009
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Lipoperoxidation Spin labeling EPR Membrane Fluidity Polarity Transition temperature Phase separation
Authors:
  • Megli, Francesco M.
  • Russo, Luciana
  • Conte, Elena
Journal:
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes
Volume:
1788
Number:
2
Pages:
371-379
BibTex:
Abstract:
This study aims at characterizing the structure and some properties of phospholipid multi-lamellar vesicles (MLVs) containing the oxidized species [gamma]-palmitoyl-[beta]-(9-hydroperoxy-10,12-octadecanedienoyl)-lecithin (HPPLPC), [gamma]-palmitoyl-[beta]-(9-hydroxy-10,12-octadecanedienoyl)-lecithin (HOPLPC), [gamma]-palmitoyl-[beta]-glutaroyl-lecithin (GlPPC) and [gamma]-palmitoyl-[beta]-azelaoyl-lecithin (AzPPC). Sepharose 4B gel-chromatography was used to ensure and check that only MLVs are used in EPR measurements. Gel-solid to gel-liquid transition temperature (Tm), lateral phase separation, fluidity gradient and polarity profile were studied by use of EPR spectroscopy of enclosed n-doxylstearoyl lecithin spin labels. Contrarily to conjugate dienes and normal phospholipids, pure carboxyacyl species yielded aqueous suspensions showing gel-chromatography elution profile resembling that of lysolecithin micelles. Conjugate dienes/DPPC MLVs showed lateral phase separation at room temperature and Tm value lower than pure DPPC MLVs. Pure conjugate dienes MLVs resembled more PLPC MLVs and displayed free miscibility with PLPC in mixed MLVs. Pure HPPLPC MLV bilayer appeared to be slightly more rigid, while that of HOPLPC and the polarity profile of MLVs made of the pure conjugate dienes species were similar to those of normal PLPC. It is concluded that carboxyacyl lecithins in MLVs tend to disrupt vesicle structure, while conjugated dienes lecithins are more able to affect some physical properties of the bilayer, and that DPPC in MLVs enhances these effects while PLPC shows a better compatibility with the lipoperoxides.