Linguistic Influence

Research areas:
Year:
2006
Type of Publication:
In Book
Keywords:
acceptability Anglicisms borrowing calques domain loss dubbing impersonal contacts language change language death loanwords personal contacts purism subtitling translation translationese
Authors:
  • Gottlieb, H.
Editor:
Keith, Brown
Pages:
196-206
Publisher:
Elsevier
Address:
Oxford
BibTex:
Abstract:
Acknowledging that languages are always influenced by other languages, the reasons and consequences of lexical borrowing are discussed. Focusing on the impact of English, a taxonomy of linguistic influence is established. Its three main categories are active Anglicisms, the products of direct import of (English) language features; reactive Anglicisms, English-inspired changes in existing features of the borrowing language; and code-shifts, the use of English in nonanglophone discourse. After discussing attitudes toward Anglicisms and the role played by translations in the dissemination of Anglicisms, the article outlines future scenarios ranging from linguistic fossilization to loss of domains and language death.