Aspecto semasionlógico del cambio semántico léxico en francés especializado

Research areas:
Year:
2006
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Cambio semántico Neologísmos Metáfora Metonimia Lenguajes especializados Francés
Authors:
  • Errutia, Mercedes
Journal:
Ibérica. Revista de la Asociación Europea de Lenguas para Fines Específicos
Number:
11
Pages:
81-98
BibTex:
Abstract:
Lexical neologisms make the French linguistic plurisystem more and more complex. The new lexical units can be described and classified according to formal criteria but the lexical morphology can be found in a semantic sector in which the lexical units are regrouped and analvsed according to their sense. Given semantic changes, the formation of neologisms responds to the semantic modifications that do not carry out the modification of the significant and, therefore, thev are based on metaphorical processes, on specialization and on semantic extension. In this studv a new interpretation of the semantic and lexical change in specialized French is proposed from a semasiological perspective that derives from three associative principies: similitude, contiguity and contrast, analysing their cognitive aspects. We will show how a combinaron of those aspects and a wide semiotic model can be used to answer questions derived from any semantic innovation. Such principies define in a mayor abstract level the functions of the semantic and lexical change theory from a semasiological perspective. (A) Lenguajes especializados. Lenguajes técnicos